The Potsdam meeting was the third conference between the leaders of the three great nations. The Soviet Union was represented by Joseph Stalin, Britain by Winston Churchill and the United States by President Harry S. Truman. It was the first meeting of Truman`s Big Three. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who died in April 1945, attended the first two conferences – in Tehran in 1943 and in Kanta in 1945. The Potsdam Conference is perhaps best known for President Truman`s July 24, 1945 conversation with Stalin, during which the president informed the Soviet leader that the United States had succeeded in detonating the first atomic bomb on July 16, 1945. Historians have often interpreted Truman`s somewhat firm stance during negotiations with the U.S. negotiating team`s belief that U.S. nuclear capabilities would increase its bargaining power. Stalin, however, was already well informed about the United States. nuclear program through the Soviet intelligence network; it has therefore also stood firm in its positions. This situation made the negotiations difficult.
The leaders of the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union, who had remained allies throughout the war despite their differences, never met again to discuss cooperation in post-war reconstruction. To remember the things that were discussed at each conference, use the MNemonic PEER The Potsdam Conference, which took place near Berlin from July 17 to August 2, 1945, was the last of the three major meetings of World War II. It was attended by the Prime Minister of the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin, the new US President Harry S. Truman and british Prime Minister Winston Churchill (replaced on 28th July by his successor Clement Attlee). On the 26th. In July, the leaders issued a statement calling for japan`s “unconditional surrender” and concealing the fact that they had privately agreed to let Japan keep its emperor. Otherwise, the conference focused on post-war Europe. A Council of Foreign Ministers has been agreed, in which the big three, as well as China and France, are participating.
The German military administration was established with an Allied Central Control Board (the requirement that membership decisions should be unanimous should subsequently prove criant). The leaders eventually reached various agreements on the German economy, with an emphasis on the development of agriculture and non-military industry. The institutions that had controlled the economy under the Nazis were to be decentralized, but all of Germany would be treated as one economic entity. War criminals would be brought to justice. Stalin`s request to define the German-Polish border was postponed to the peace treaty, but the conference agreed to his transfer of land east of the Oder and Neisse from Germany to Poland. With regard to reparations, a compromise was reached on the basis of an exchange of capital goods from the western zone for raw materials from the east. He resolved a dispute, but set a precedent for the management of the German economy by zone rather than globally, as the Western powers had hoped. Although post-war Europe dominated potsdam`s agenda, the war hid in the Pacific off stage. Truman received news of the success of the atomic bomb test shortly after his arrival in Potsdam; He told Churchill the news, but only casually mentioned “a new weapon” to Stalin. Truman continued to ask for Stalin`s help against Japan, but he knew that if the bomb succeeded, Russian help would not be needed. .