In Ireland, apprenticeships are divided into two main categories: `crafts` and `new`.  The main craft and vocational professions have been designated by SOLAS and fall within the scope of the legal apprenticeship system organised by SOLAS in collaboration with the Ministry of Education and Qualifications, employers and trade unions.  There is also a learning council. Apprenticeship provides on-the-job training with an employer.  It generally alternates between off-company training in a training centre and training at an employer`s workplace. A training usually lasts 4 years, during this period there are 3 different periods in the off-company training.  This training phase takes place in a training centre of the Education and Training Council (ETB), while the subsequent phases of off-company training take place in a technical institute.  After ongoing assessments through workplace skills tests as well as modular and off-the-job examinations, the apprentice will receive an Advanced Certificate in Craft (Level 6 of the National Qualifications Framework) upon successful completion.  A dismissed apprentice may receive higher pay than other workers in the same situation. Indeed, such an award reflects not only the loss of revenue from the training contract, but also the future merits that they cannot achieve today. The agreement must be signed by both the trainee and the employer at the beginning of a training, in order to confirm the individual employment agreements between the two parties.
In Turkey, education has been part of the small business culture for centuries since the time of the Seljuk Turks who claimed Anatolia as their homeland in the 11th century. In antiquity, seven years seem to have been the common term throughout Europe for the duration of apprenticeship in most common professions. All these communitarizations were called ancient universities, which is actually the appropriate Latin name for any insertion. The University of the Forge, the University of the Tailors, etc. are expressions that we often encounter in the old documents of the old towns […] Having completed seven years under a duly qualified master was necessary to give a person the right to become a master and to undergo training in a common profession; Having studied seven years under a duly qualified master was necessary to give him the right to become a master, teacher or doctor (words that were synonymous in antiquity) in the free arts and to have scholars or apprentices (words that were originally also synonymous) to study under him.  In addition, the competent professional orders are responsible for monitoring practical training under the apprenticeship contract. . . .