Turkey is now the only G20 member not to have officially approved the agreement after it was ratified by Russia in October 2019. On November 4, 2019, the United States informed the custodian of its withdrawal from the agreement, which will take effect exactly one year after that date.  In 2019, Turkey has said it is on track to reduce emissions growth by 21% from forecasts by 2030. On the other side of the debate are the head of the environmental protection agency, Scott Pruitt, a virulent anti-climate extremist, and chief strategist Steve Bannon, widely known for shaping the president`s nationalist views and fueling his distrust of international agreements. “Abandoning the Paris agreement is cruel for future generations,” said Andrew Steer, president and CEO of the World Resources Institute, about the Trump administration`s decision to formally withdraw the United States from the agreement. The U.S. will lose much stronger jobs and economy that will bring a low-carbon future, Steer said in a statement. In the end, nations will do what they have national political will. The Paris Agreement reflects the fact that the collective will to fight climate change remains woefully absent. The EU and its member states are individually responsible for ratifying the Paris Agreement. There was a strong preference for the EU and its 28 Member States to simultaneously table their ratification instruments to ensure that neither the EU nor its Member States commit to commitments that belong exclusively to the other and there was concern that there was a disagreement on each Member State`s share of the EU-wide reduction target.
just as Britain`s vote to leave the EU could delay the Paris pact.  However, on 4 October 2016, the European Parliament approved the ratification of the Paris Agreement and the EU tabled its ratification instruments on 5 October 2016 with several EU Member States.  As part of the 2009 Copenhagen Agreement, developed nations pledged $100 billion a year in public and private funds to fund climate change and adaptation efforts in developing countries and help poorer countries clean up.