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Sykes-Picot Agreement Impact

More than a year after the agreement with Russia, British and French representatives, Sir Mark Sykes and François Georges Picot, drafted another secret agreement on the future prey of the Great War. Picot represented a small group determined to ensure control of Syria for France; For his part, Sykes asked the UK to compensate for the influence in the region. The agreement did not allow, to a large extent, the future growth of Arab nationalism, which the British government and army wanted to use at the same time for their advantage vis-à-vis the Turks. May 16, 2016 will mark the centenary of the signing of the Sykes-Picot agreement. Exactly one hundred years ago, two diplomats, a British and a Frenchman, concluded the Sykes-Picot agreement, which divided the Middle East into two zones of influence. The agreement has become one of the cornerstones of the region and has given the heart of the Middle East the shape it has taken since the end of the First World War. However, the political order established a century ago by the British and French superpowers of the time, including the regimes created and the boundaries demarcated, is currently facing a serious challenge. The article examines the agreement through the lenses of the past and present and examines its prospects for survival from the political storms that are currently engulfing the region. He concludes with a recommendation: Israel should be prepared to formulate its ideas for finding a solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

If a new “Sykes-Picot” mission is created, it will almost certainly relate to this. On March 18, 1915, Britain signed a secret agreement with Russia, whose plans for the territory of the Empire had prompted the Turks to join the central powers in 1914. Under its terms, Russia would annex the Ottoman capital Istanbul (Constantinople) and retain control of the Dardanelles, the important strait that connects the Black Sea to the Mediterranean. In his doctoral thesis, Gibson discussed the role of oil in British strategic thinking at the time and mentioned Vilayet Mosul as France`s largest potential oil field in 1918 to accept its accession to the mandate of Iraq (the Clemenceau Lloyd George Agreement) in exchange for “some of the oil and British support elsewhere.” [53] In 1915/16, Sir Mark Sykes of the British War Office and the French Consul in Beirut, François Georges-Picot, reached a secret agreement to divide the Asian provinces of the Ottoman Empire into areas of direct and indirect British and French control after the First World War.

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