As part of the agreement signed in Dhaka in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Bangladeshi counterpart, Sheikh Hasina, the two countries will exchange about 200 tiny enclaves across the border. Their inhabitants were deprived of public services and lived in harsh conditions. Indian Foreign Ministry officials have described Prime Minister Narendra Modi`s visit to Bangladesh as one of his most important since taking office a year ago. This is due to the historic land border agreement that must be signed between the two countries. Thus, disillusioned enclaves and campers support local parties in the hope of a better life. On the other hand, socio-economic deprivation has become the business of the power struggle between rival political factions. This tends to divert attention from the urgent issues of development. Bangladeshi nationals of Patgram, Rangpur and Lalmonirhat continue to flow through Tin Bigha to Dahagram-Angarpota. Bikes, vans, rickshaws and small vehicles are down all day. It has become practically a tourist spot. Indian citizens travel to zero on the border with Bangladesh, take pictures and then return to the mainland.
www.ndtv.com/assembly-west-bengal/16-000-new-citizens-from-bangladeshi-enclaves-will-vote-in-west-bengal-1283958. (August 11, 2015) Bangladesh and India have resolved a decades-long border problem through a land exchange agreement that began with a physical enclave exchange on July 31, 2015 and will continue in stages between that date and June 30, 2016. (Bangladesh, India in Historic Land Swap After Nearly 4 Decades, HINDUSTAN TIMES, 31 July 2015); Implementation of India-Bangladesh Country Boundary Agreement to Start Tomorrow, NDTV (July 30, 2015), www.ndtv.com/india-news/implementation-of-india-bangladesh-land-boundary-agreement-to-start-tomorrow-1202215.)  Md. Azmeary Ferdoush, Acts of Belonging: The choice of citizenship in the former border enclaves of Bangladesh and India, Political Geography, Volume 70, April 2019, Pages 83-91, doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2019.01.015 According to the agreement, each country will assume sovereignty over all enclaves of its territory.