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Ni Protocol Withdrawal Agreement

The Northern Ireland Protocol is to be welcomed in some respects. It gives Businesses in Northern Ireland the certainty that trade relations with the EU (including kings) and Britain will remain virtually unchanged until the end of the transition period. For NI companies that trade only on the island of Ireland, the withdrawal agreement will ensure security on the status quo (including free market access for EU goods) after the end of the transitional period and regardless of the conclusion of a free trade agreement between the UK and the EU. In order to avoid a border between Northern Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom, Article 6 of the Northern Ireland Protocol proposes that the United Kingdom and EU customs officers act as one from the end of the transition period (December 31, 2020) until the parties agree on a satisfactory alternative for both parties. [33] The single customs territory between the UK and the EU does not apply to fish products: for example, fish transported from Britain to Northern Ireland would be subject to EU tariffs in the absence of a separate fishing agreement. [34] The declared means of the protocol to achieve the objectives (referring to the Internal Market of the European Union and the Customs Union) are decided three paragraphs later in the same page: REMEMBER that the joint report of the EU negotiators European Union and the UK Government on progress in the first phase of the Article 50 negotiations of the EU Treaty on the UK`s Orderly Withdrawal from the European Union on 8 December 2017 Different scenarios for the protection of North-South cooperation and to avoid a hard border, but that this protocol is based on the third scenario which maintains full alignment with the rules of the internal market of the Union and the Customs Union which, now or in the future, support North-South cooperation, the economy of the islands and the protection of the 1998 agreement, unless an alternative agreement is reached for the implementation of another scenario… [32] In October 2019, the new Johnson government renegotiated the project and replaced the backstop. Under the new protocol, the whole of the UK leaves the EU customs union as a single customs territory. Northern Ireland will be included in the UK`s future trade agreements, but will not have tariffs or restrictions on goods crossing the Irish border in both directions, creating a de facto customs border in the Irish Sea with Britain. There is also a unilateral exit mechanism for the Northern Ireland Assembly to leave the protocol by a simple majority. [1] [2] [3] This new protocol has been described as “Chequers for Northern Ireland” by some, as it is comparable to the British plan for future relations of Theresa May`s Chequers, previously rejected by the EU and criticised by Johnson.

[3] But this agreement goes further in principle and provides additional flexibility that allows us to seize the opportunities offered to us at the end of the transition period. The agreement will now be formally approved at a joint committee meeting in the coming days. Our agreement also avoids disruption at the end of the transition period in the transport of chilled meat. British sausages will continue to travel to Belfast and Ballymena next year. We also have time to conclude reciprocal agreements between the UK and the EU on agricultural products, which will be discussed in the coming months.

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