The new HFC reduction agreement for a group of countries – including India, Pakistan, Iran and Iraq – is more ambitious than The previous Indian proposal for developing countries, but less intense than the North American proposal. The Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol is an international agreement to gradually reduce the consumption and production of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). The amendment was accepted at the 28th meeting of the parties to the Montreal Protocol in Kigali on October 15, 2016. In Decision XXVIII/1, they adopted an amendment to the protocol (the Kigali amendment).  India will reduce 75% of its cumulative HFC emissions between 2015 and 2050 under the new agreement reached in Rwanda, said Vaibhav Chaturvedi, a researcher at the Council on Energy, Environment and Water, a New Delhi-based research institute. “The agreement recognizes the development needs of viable economies such as India and provides a realistic and sustainable roadmap for implementing a timetable for implementing a timetable for high warming potential of CFCs,” says a press release from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. This is a legally binding agreement between the signatories. The Kigali Amendment is a legally binding international agreement that aims to create rights and obligations in international law. The amendment is legally binding on a contracting party only if it has come into force with respect to that party. The need for the amendment stems from the 1987 Montreal Protocol, which controls ozone-depleting substances. Because CFCs have been used as an alternative to ozone-depleting substances in refrigeration facilities, their role in global warming has become a major problem.
In 2016, the parties to the Montreal Protocol adopted the CFC Convention concluding the 28th Meeting of the Parties (MOP 28) in Kigali, Rwanda. Governments have agreed that it will come into force on January 1, 2019, provided that at least 20 parties to the Montreal Protocol have ratified it. On 17 November 2017, Sweden and Trinidad and Tobago tabled their ratification instruments, exceeding the required threshold. Up to 197 countries reached a legally binding agreement on the gradual absorption and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons, gases that can have a global warming potential of up to 12,000 times more than carbon dioxide, on 15 October. The agreement will enter into force on 1 January 2019 and will avoid emitting 70 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent worldwide, as well as halting more than half of tropical deforestation. This agreement is part of the Montreal Protocol, a global treaty to reduce the use of ozone-depleting substances and now global warming. India`s participation in a global climate change agreement will reduce India`s greenhouse gases to the closure of one-sixth of India`s thermal power plants over the next 35 years, according to an IndiaSpend calculation based on equivalent carbon dioxide emissions from thermal power plants in 2012.