“There are so many things farmers are thinking about, and the legal thing is probably the last thing to do. But this could be the year that some changes will be made,” she says. Farmers are generally not in the habit of turning back farmland, but if the cash rent payment takes them out of profitability, 2021 might be the time to do so. Taylor says producers are well served to provide their landowners with accurate data on the performance of land farms. Income cards are good because they indicate the variability of yields within a field. Many landowners may not understand that some areas of an agricultural field are doing well, others are not. Economists sum up the rental outlook for 2021: Taylor says KSU`s surveys indicate that the reliability and reputation of farmers is one of the key determinants of how a landlord chooses a tenant. “The rent rate was at the bottom of our surveys,” she says. “Owners want to make money, but they know it`s not easy to find a good tenant.
They want the land to be supplied. “Disclosure of profit information can be unpleasant,” she admits. “But I recommend sharing a state`s business management data, which shows the performance of farmers across the state. You can tell the owner that you are above average or below average. Also share farm income data, and government payments accounted for 60% of this total. “Farmers who have good relationships share a lot of information with them and are much easier to talk to them to explain the situation. In the absence of good information from the tenant, landowners receive mixed information from the media: how government programs pay farmers a cheque, if the weather is good and if farmers will have a good harvest,” she explains. Most landowners will listen when you say you need to lower the rent if there is information that explains why. Whenever communication is unilateral, there is the possibility of misunderstandings. Once all the thoughts and numbers are done and you decide to terminate the lease of arable land, there are steps you should take to do it properly,” says Erin Herbold-Swalwell, a lawyer at Brick Gentry, PC in Mingo, Iowa. Since 2018, the decline in crop prices has been offset by ad hoc federal aid in the form of market facilitation payments and the coronavirus food assistance program, according to the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Economics at the University of Illinois. These payments have been a vital artery for farmers who, in recent years, have made up to 60% of the farm`s net income. To date, no announcement has been made regarding upcoming ad hoc payments for 2021. To prepare the conditions for cash rent decisions for 2021, take a look at the U of I`s Farm Doc Daily`s harvest budget for Illinois: It`s a difficult situation, says Kyle Walker, farm manager at Peoples Company, a real estate and farm management company in Cabil based in Clive, Iowa. Ad hoc federal aid is the key to profits: without ad hoc federal aid, farmers` yields would have been negative in 2019 and 2020 and probably negative in 2021.
One can speculate on whether or not to grant this aid. Faced with these uncertainties, it will be difficult to set cash rents for 2020. Continuing to set cash rents at the current level will result in significant losses in the absence of ad hoc payments from the federal government. These assumptions result in a yield of 224 $US per hectare. We are forecasting that continuing a cash rent of $275 per hectare in 2021 would result in a loss of $51 per hectare for the farmer. It is clear that in the absence of reduced cash rents or other costs, $51 per hectare or more is needed to encourage farmers to obtain yields of $0 per hectare.