Asylum seekers seeking international protection from a Schengen Member State under the Geneva Convention do not have a residence permit, but are granted a residence permit on the territory of the Member State while the application is pending or is being considered within three days of filing the application. This means that, while processing their refugee claim, asylum seekers can only stay in the Schengen Member State where they have applied for asylum and cannot move freely to other countries that make up the Schengen area.  Detained applicants with international protection by a Schengen Member State issue residence permits valid for at least three years and renewable, while applicants receiving subsidiary protection by a Schengen Member State are issued valid and renewable residence permits of at least one year, unless there are compelling reasons for national security or public order. Family members of persons receiving international or subsidiary protection from a Schengen Member State also receive a residence permit which may be shorter in validity.  Applicants receiving temporary protection from a Schengen Member State (as well as reunited family members) receive valid residence permits for the duration of temporary protection.  Regulation (EC) No 562/2006 of the European Parliament and the Council of 15 March 2006 establishing an EU code on rules on the cross-border movement of persons (Schengen border code), Article 22. On 4 May 2016, the European Commission proposed visa exemption for citizens of Kosovo. The European Commission has proposed to the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament to lift the visa requirement for the people of Kosovo by placing Kosovo on the visa-free list for short-term stays in the Schengen area. The proposal is presented at the same time as the Commission`s positive assessment, which confirms that Kosovo has met the requirements of its roadmap for visa liberalisation. Previously, citizens of the EU, EEA and Swiss, as well as their family members who played the right to free movement, had only been subject to “minimum control” when crossing external borders.
This means that their travel document has only been subject to “quick” and “simple” visual checks and optional database verification for lost or stolen travel documents. Consultation of the Schengen information system and other national databases to ensure that the traveller does not pose a threat to security, public order or public health was only permitted on a strictly “non-systematic” basis only if such a threat was “real,” “current” and “sufficiently serious”.  On the other hand, other travellers have been subject to “extensive screening.”  Council Regulation 2725/2000 of 11 December 2009 on the introduction of Eurodac europa.eu/legislation_summaries/justice_freedom_security/free_movement_of_persons_asylum_immigration/l33081_en.htm A short-stay visa costs 60 euros (US$46; US$66), but only 35 EUROS for Russians, Ukrainians and citizens of certain other countries under visa facilitation agreements. Free movement is at the heart of the European project. We should protect our Union without borders and allow European citizens to travel freely, to work, to exchange ideas, goods and services and to pursue both their own prosperity and that of our continent. The Benelux countries (Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands) had already set up a common passport area in 1970. In 1984, following protests by truck drivers over delays at border crossings between France and Germany, the two countries signed a bilateral agreement to remove controls along their shared border. Negotiations on visa liberalisation between the EU and the Western Balkans (excluding Kosovo) began in the first half of 2008 and ended in 2009 (for Montenegro, Northern Macedonia and Serbia) and 2010 (for Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina)