Comprehensive Agreement On The Bangsamoro Summary


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To achieve its goal of freeing bangsamoros, the MNLF involved government forces in large-scale armed clashes[5] that culminated in the early 1970s, when the rebels` glittering operations gave them control of a considerable number of communities around Cotabato City and their airport complex. This led the Marcos regime to strengthen the military presence by deploying nearly three-quarters of the army[6] to most Muslim parts of Mindanao. The case took another turn in 1976, when Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi negotiated an agreement[7] that resulted in the signing of the Tripoli Agreement,[8] which introduced the concept of an autonomous Muslim region to Mindanao. On August 1, 1989, Congress, under the new 1987 Constitution, passed Republic Act 6734,[10″ which approved the creation of the Muslim Mindanao Autonomous Region (ARMM). However, of the 13 provinces and 9 cities that participated in the referendum,[11] only the provinces of Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi have decided to be part of the ARMM. THE ARMM was officially founded on November 6, 1990. [12] Implementation of the 2014 agreement has stalled: in 2016, Congress failed to pass laws that would create an autonomous region for The Muslims of Mindanao, and sporadic violence threatens to further derail efforts to improve stability. After the temporary halt to talks, when the two sides suspended the ceasefire in February 2017, the Bangsamoro Transitional Commission – which includes 27% women (four of the 15 members) – was re-elected to revise the bill that transposed the provisions of the peace agreement. High rates of inequality, poverty and land rent in the Philippines contribute to the persistence of complaints.

– the declaration on the continuity of negotiations, signed in June 2010, taking up parts of the aborted Memorandum on the Ancestral Domain (MOA-AD). The Peace Working Group has been a bold experiment in local mediation of third parties in an active conflict zone. This worked at first, but due to the lack of political progress in the implementation of the 1996 agreement, continued violence by outlaw groups such as Abu Sayyaf and explosive clan conflicts, the two armed forces continued to be drawn into a single conflict. On 24 April 2012, the Philippine government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front signed an important agreement that represents a major step forward in the peace process. The agreement, known as GPH – discussion points on principles, covered the progress made since the signing of talks between President Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III and Minister Teresita Quintos-Deles, Presidential Advisor for the Peace Process, and helped lay the groundwork for the framework agreement signed in October 2012.

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