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Irssa Agreement

The Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) is an agreement between the Canadian government and some 86,000 Indigenous peoples in Canada who, at one time, were enrolled in the Canadian Indian boarding school system as children, a system in effect between 1879 and 1996. [1]:1 The IRSSA acknowledged the harm caused by boarding schools and put in place a $1.9 billion compensation package, called CEP (Common Experience Payment) for all IRS alumni. [2] [3] The agreement announced in 2006 was the largest class action lawsuit in Canadian history. [1]:1 In March 2016, a total of $1,622,422,106 was paid to 79,309 former students. [4] An additional $3.174 billion was paid as of December 31, 2018 through IGP (Independent Assessment Process), which applies to damages that exceed the IRS standard. [5] Implementation of the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement began on September 19, 2007. The conciliation agreement is the consensus between legal advisors for former students, legal advisors for churches, the Assembly of First Nations, other Indigenous organizations and the Government of Canada. The implementation of this historic agreement brings a fair and lasting solution to the heritage of Indian boarding schools. For example, some former students who applied for additional compensation from the Independent Assessment Process (IAP) were victims of unethical private lawyers who charged their clients a high fee in addition to the 15 per cent they received from the Government of Canada. While the comparison found that lawyers could calculate their clients up to 15 percent for difficult cases, many lawyers calculated this percentage regularly, while others charged inappropriate interest, fees and penalties. Director General Dan Ish opened an investigation against several private lawyers involved in the PAI, which led to the release and exclusion of the IRRSA. The conciliation agreement also provides US$60 million for a five-year truth and reconciliation commission that would allow individuals, families and communities to share their experiences.

The Commission, established in 2008, has been ordered to make public national events (e.g. B Winnipeg in June 2010; Inuvik, NWT, June 2011; Halifax in October 2011; Saskatoon in June 2012) and its support for regional and local activities. It would also create a “complete historical record” of boarding schools (and, in the budget, a research center). By August 2012, the federal government had disclosed to the TRC more than 941,000 documents relating to boarding schools. The agreement was announced by the Canadian federal government on May 8, 2006 and implemented in September 2007. The five main elements of the IRSSA are the Common Experience Payment (CEP), the Independent Assessment Process (IAP), the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), Commemoration, and Health and Healing Services. [3] In November 1996, the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (RCAP) published its final report containing 4,000 references containing 440 recommendations. Indian boarding schools have been the subject of a chapter.

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