In addition to taking into account the economic and trade impact of an economic partnership agreement, the joint study sought to highlight the current trade and investment barriers between Canada and the EU. For example, each Canadian province has different rules, which involve different requirements for recognition of professional qualifications, licensing and accreditation. These regulatory differences are an obstacle to labour mobility and have a negative impact on trade in services. This means that currently, European engineers who wish to offer their services in Canada must comply with 10 different regulations. This is unacceptable. The joint study indicates that any agreement between Canada and the EU should resolve such problems in order for Europeans to face an internal market in Canada, as they are in Europe. The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) (Canada-Europe Trade Agreement) is a free trade agreement between Canada and the European Union.    It was applied on an interim basis and thus eliminated 98% of the existing tariffs between the two parties. On 27 April 2009, EU member states adopted a negotiating mandate for the implementation of a new economic free trade agreement between the EU and Canada: the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA). Negotiations were officially launched at the EU-Canada Summit in Prague, Czech Republic, on 6 May 2009.
The first meeting on the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement between Canada and the European Union was held on June 10, 2009. The first round of negotiations took place in Ottawa from October 19 to 23, 2009. On January 18, 2010, Canada and the European Union met in Brussels for the second round of negotiations. The third round of negotiations took place in Ottawa from April 19 to 23, 2010. The fourth took place in Brussels from 12 to 16 July, the fifth in Ottawa from 18 to 22 October 2010, and the sixth round of negotiations took place in Brussels from 17 to 21 January 2011. The two countries held a seventh round of talks in April 2011, while the eighth round took place on 15 July 2011. The ninth round of negotiations took place in Ottawa from October 17 to 21, 2011.